Empress Sissi Of Austria

Empress Sissi Of Austria VARIOUS PLACES SISI CALLED HOME

Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Herzogin in Bayern war eine Prinzessin aus der herzoglichen Nebenlinie Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen des Hauses Wittelsbach, durch ihre Heirat mit ihrem Cousin Franz Joseph I. ab Kaiserin von Österreich und. Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (​December 24, - September 10, ), of the House of. English: Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (​December 24, - September 10, ), of the House of. Empress Elisabeth of Austria - a presentation bracelet for her granddaughter Archduchess Elisabeth Marie ("Erszi"), - Imperial Court Memorabilia and Historical. Through her marriage to the Habsburg emperor Franz Joseph I she is suddenly the young Empress of Austria, which at the time included reign over large.

Empress Sissi Of Austria

Empress Elisabeth of Austria aka: Sissi (spouse of Franz Joseph I, and therefore both Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. She also held the titles of. English: Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (​December 24, - September 10, ), of the House of. It was largely due to Empress Elisabeth of Austria's visits to Merano and Trauttmansdorff Castle that the little spa town achieved international renown. Scattered.

She bore Franz Joseph three children during the first four years of their marriage, but only two— Crown Prince Rudolf and Archduchess Gisela—survived past infancy.

Her melancholy and distaste for public life was treated as a childish indulgence by her distracted husband and his mother, the formidable Archduchess Sophie.

Yet despite her somber demeanor Sisi captivated the public, thanks to her stunning beauty and ankle-length chestnut hair.

Empress Elisabeth of Austria, known for her long hair. Sisi, however, dismissed all this attention. Though outwardly cynical, Sisi was as fixated with her beauty as the public was.

Hours were spent maintaining her looks—three hours a day of hairdressing, and an hour to cinch her famed Obsessed with her figure, Sisi lived on a strict diet and fanatical exercise routine that would likely be interpreted as symptoms of anorexia today.

She survived for a time on only thin broth, while in later years she subsisted almost exclusively on raw milk traveling with her own cow , oranges and eggs.

She also exercised for hours every day. Horseback riding, fencing, fast-paced hikes and exercises adapted from the circus—unusual for the time—consumed her days.

In every royal palace, Sisi had an exercise room where she lifted dumbbells and trained on rings. When I saw her, she was just raising herself on the hand-rings.

She wore a black silk dress with a long train, hemmed with magnificent ostrich feathers. I had never before seen her so imposing. Hanging on the ropes, she made a fantastic impression, like a creature somewhere between snake and bird.

Oh, had I but never left the path That would have led me to freedom Oh, that on the broad avenues Of vanity I had never strayed I have awakened in a dungeon With chains on my hands.

Empress Elisabeth of Austria, She further alienated the Viennese aristocracy by filling her personal staff with Hungarian nationals.

In , Hungary became an equal partner in the Austro-Hungarian empire. Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary and Sisi became queen.

Here she displayed surprisingly down-to-earth behavior for a royal: holding hands with the dying, and speaking to patients about their needs.

The empress was fascinated with new innovations in the treatment of the insane, and even toyed with the idea of opening her own psychiatric hospital.

By the s, it was clear Sisi was suffering from a serious mental illness herself. Marie Valerie, the one child on whom Sisi doted, wrote of finding her mother laughing hysterically in a bathtub.

The empress frequently spoke of suicide to a terrified Franz Joseph, and turned to mediums and psychics to help cure her mental anguish. Sports and diets were her passion, and she loved to hike and to ride, but was so slim that she suffered from famine oedema.

As a Bavarian princess who enjoyed a happy and unstrained childhood, the extremely strict court life in Vienna was a burden Elisabeth never got used to.

She started to travel and wrote melancholic poems, and after the tragic death of her only son Rudolf she disappeared nearly completely from the Austrian court.

When Elisabeth was sixty years old, she followed an invitation from the Rothschild family to Geneva. Luigi Lucheni, a poor man full of rage for the upper nobility, ran towards them as they walked by on the promenade and stabbed Elisabeth directly into her heart with a self-made weapon composed of a small sharp file.

But neither the empress nor her lady-in-waiting realised what really happened. Thinking of a robbery attempt, they went on boarding the ship.

A few minutes later, Elisabeth lost consciousness and died. Needless to say, the public, especially in Austria and Hungary, was shocked and in deep mourning.

A lot of newspapers were published with a black mourning border, like Der Burggräfler or Meraner Zeitung. There were long extra issues about the life and death of Empress Elisabeth, for example this broadly illustrated Österreichische Illustrierte Zeitung.

Less emotional and without huge headlines were the reactions in Prussia, where Berliner Tageblatt newspaper articles focused on the assassin Lucheni and detailed descriptions of the events in the Neue Hamburger Zeitung.

Her assassin Lucheni was caught and confessed immediately. He was brought to Geneva court on 11 November , where he was incarcerated for life, what Luigi regretted a lot, as a death penalty would have had been much more catchpenny.

Hamburger Anzeiger , 12 November , it was just a coincidence that he found out about Elisabeth. Elisabeth of Austria was one of the first true European citizens, not so much because she was Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Queen consort of Croatia and Bohemia, but because she spent most of her life travelling and deeply loved all the miscellaneous peoples and cultures.

She seemed to be a fairy-tale princess, with the undivided love of her husband Emperor Franz-Josef and a paradigm for beauty. Yet this was not the life she was born to live and she tried to break out of her golden cage her whole lifetime.

Pataki must be a Hungarian or Czech name. Her father was Governor of New York State. One wonders what would have been like if people listened to her instead of the Prussian thugs in Berlin, if real reason and democracy had prevailed.

Counterfactual history. Jack Beatty wrote about that in The Lost History of Imagine the hubris of German officers who would slash you if you did not step of the sidewalk for them.

Look where that has led. You talk utter Rubbish Thomas. The same Elite that orchestrated the Boer War started the first world war.

White Christians were cannon fodder. What Prussian thugs are you on about? The book subsequently begins — Chapter 1 in the Palace in Hungary, September Have a nice day!

Empress Sissi Of Austria

Empress Sissi Of Austria Video

-- Sisi -- Empress Elisabeth of Austria --

On April 25, , a shy and melancholy bride married into a major European royal house. Trembling and overcome with emotion, year-old Elisabeth, known by her childhood nickname Sisi, was wed to the year-old Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, the absolute monarch of the largest empire in Europe outside of Russia.

But in her glass coach on the way to her new home in the sprawling Hofburg imperial palace, Sisi sobbed—overwhelmed and afraid.

With her ambivalence to public duties and reluctance to marry, the young bride recalled another royal born at the Hofburg almost exactly years before, Marie Antoinette.

But unlike the excesses of Marie Antoinette, the aloof Sisi would spend her life denying her own appetites.

Born in in Munich, Germany, Sisi grew up playing in the Bavarian forests with her seven brothers and sisters, riding horses and climbing mountains.

From her eccentric father, Duke Maximilian Joseph, she inherited a belief in progressive democratic ideals and pacifism, uncommon for royalty at the time.

From her hands-on mother, Princess Ludovika, she developed a love of privacy and a fear of public duties—traits that would not serve her well as empress.

The Emperor family of Austria, circa Sisi, on the other hand, was so nervous during the courtship that she was unable to eat. The situation did not improve as she settled into her new reality.

Shy and unsure, Sisi crumbled under the strict court etiquette, which left her isolated and friendless. She bore Franz Joseph three children during the first four years of their marriage, but only two— Crown Prince Rudolf and Archduchess Gisela—survived past infancy.

Her melancholy and distaste for public life was treated as a childish indulgence by her distracted husband and his mother, the formidable Archduchess Sophie.

Yet despite her somber demeanor Sisi captivated the public, thanks to her stunning beauty and ankle-length chestnut hair.

Empress Elisabeth of Austria, known for her long hair. Sisi, however, dismissed all this attention. The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was unprepared and which she found uncongenial.

Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie , who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie , died in infancy.

The birth of the heir apparent, Crown Prince Rudolf , improved her standing at court, but her health suffered under the strain, and she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment.

She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary, and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria—Hungary in The death of her only son and his mistress Mary Vetsera in a murder—suicide at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in was a blow from which Elisabeth never recovered.

She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. In , she had a palace built on the Greek Island of Corfu that she visited often.

The palace, Achilleion , featuring an elaborate mythological motif, served as a refuge. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty, which were already legendary during her lifetime.

While travelling in Geneva in , she was mortally wounded by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Elisabeth was the longest serving Empress of Austria at 44 years.

Maximilian was considered to be rather peculiar; he had a childish love of circuses and traveled the Bavarian countryside to escape his duties.

The family's homes were the Herzog-Max-Palais in Munich during winter and Possenhofen Castle in the summer months, far from the protocols of court.

Although the couple had never met, Franz Joseph's obedience was taken for granted by the archduchess, who was once described as "the only man in the Hofburg " for her authoritarian manner.

Fifteen-year-old Sisi accompanied her mother and sister and they traveled from Munich in several coaches. They arrived late as the Duchess, prone to migraine, had to interrupt the journey; the coach with their gala dresses never did arrive.

The family was still in mourning over the death of an aunt so they were dressed in black and unable to change to more suitable clothing before meeting the young Emperor.

While black did not suit eighteen-year-old Helene's dark coloring, it made her younger sister's blonder looks more striking by contrast.

Helene was a pious, quiet young woman, and she and Franz Joseph felt ill at ease in each other's company, but he was instantly infatuated with her younger sister.

He did not propose to Helene, but defied his mother and informed her that if he could not have Elisabeth, he would not marry at all.

Five days later their betrothal was officially announced. The couple were married eight months later in Vienna at the Augustinerkirche on 24 April After enjoying an informal and unstructured childhood, Elisabeth, who was shy and introverted by nature, and more so among the stifling formality of Habsburg court life, had difficulty adapting to the Hofburg and its rigid protocols and strict etiquette.

Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase.

She was surprised to find she was pregnant and gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Archduchess Sophie of Austria — , just ten months after her wedding.

The elder Archduchess Sophie, who often referred to Elisabeth as a "silly young mother", [7] not only named the child after herself without consulting the mother, but took complete charge of the baby, refusing to allow Elisabeth to breastfeed or otherwise care for her own child.

When a second daughter, Archduchess Gisela of Austria — , was born a year later, the Archduchess took the baby away from Elisabeth as well.

The fact that she had not produced a male heir made Elisabeth increasingly unwanted in the palace. One day she found a pamphlet on her desk with the following words underlined:.

The natural destiny of a Queen is to give an heir to the throne. If the Queen is so fortunate as to provide the State with a Crown-Prince this should be the end of her ambition — she should by no means meddle with the government of an Empire, the care of which is not a task for women If the Queen bears no sons, she is merely a foreigner in the State, and a very dangerous foreigner, too.

For as she can never hope to be looked on kindly here, and must always expect to be sent back whence she came, so will she always seek to win the King by other than natural means; she will struggle for position and power by intrigue and the sowing of discord, to the mischief of the King, the nation, and the Empire Her mother-in-law is generally considered to be the source of the malicious pamphlet.

When she traveled to Italy with him she persuaded him to show mercy toward political prisoners. In Elisabeth visited Hungary for the first time with her husband and two daughters, and it left a deep and lasting impression upon her, probably because in Hungary she found a welcome respite from the constraints of Austrian court life.

It was "the first time that Elisabeth had met with men of character in Franz Joseph's realm, and she became acquainted with an aristocratic independence that scorned to hide its sentiments behind courtly forms of speech She felt her innermost soul reach out in sympathy to the proud, steadfast people of this land This same trip proved tragic as both of Elisabeth's children became ill.

While Gisela recovered quickly, two-year-old Sophie grew steadily weaker, then died. It is generally assumed today that she died of typhus.

She turned away from her living daughter, began neglecting her, and their relationship never recovered. In December Elisabeth became pregnant for the third time in as many years, and her mother, who had been concerned about her daughter's physical and mental health, hoped that this new pregnancy would help her recover.

She achieved this through fasting and exercise, such as gymnastics and riding. In deep mourning after her daughter Sophie's death, Elisabeth refused to eat for days; a behavior that would reappear in later periods of melancholy and depression.

Whereas she previously had supper with the family, she now began to avoid this; and if she did eat with them, she ate quickly and very little.

Whenever her weight threatened to exceed fifty kilos, a "fasting cure" or "hunger cure" would follow, which involved almost complete fasting.

Meat itself often filled her with disgust, so she either had the juice of half-raw beefsteaks squeezed into a thin soup, or else adhered to a diet of milk and eggs.

Elisabeth emphasised her extreme slenderness through the practice of "tight-lacing". Corsets of the time were split- busk types, fastening up the front with hooks and eyes, but Elisabeth had more rigid, solid-front ones made in Paris out of leather, "like those of Parisian courtesans ", probably to hold up under the stress of such strenuous lacing, "a proceeding which sometimes took quite an hour".

The fact that "she only wore them for a few weeks" may indicate that even leather proved inadequate for her needs.

In her youth Elisabeth followed the fashions of the age, which for many years were cage-crinolined hoop skirts, but when fashion began to change, she was at the forefront of abandoning the hoop skirt for a tighter and leaner silhouette.

She disliked both expensive accoutrements and the protocol that dictated constant changes of clothing, preferring simple, monochromatic riding habit -like attire.

The empress developed extremely rigorous and disciplined exercise habits. Every castle she lived in was equipped with a gymnasium , the Knights' Hall of the Hofburg was converted into one, mats and balance beams were installed in her bedchamber so that she could practise on them each morning, and the imperial villa at Ischl was fitted with gigantic mirrors so that she could correct every movement and position.

She took up fencing in her 50s with equal discipline. A fervent horsewoman, she rode every day for hours on end, becoming probably the world's best, as well as best-known, female equestrian at the time.

When, due to sciatica , she could no longer endure long hours in the saddle, she substituted walking, subjecting her attendants to interminable marches and hiking tours in all weather.

In the last years of her life, Elisabeth became even more restless and obsessive, weighing herself up to three times a day. She regularly took steam baths to prevent weight gain; by she had wasted away to near emaciation , reaching her lowest point of There were some aberrations in Elisabeth's diet that appear to be signs of binge eating , [5] On one occasion in the Empress astonished her travelling companions when she unexpectedly visited a restaurant incognito, where she drank champagne, ate a broiled chicken and an Italian salad, and finished with a "considerable quantity of cake".

She may have satisfied her urge to binge in secret on other occasions; in she purchased an English country house and had a spiral staircase built from her living room into the kitchen, so that she could reach it in private.

In addition to her rigorous exercise regimen, Elisabeth practiced demanding beauty routines. Daily care of her abundant and extremely long hair, which in time turned from the dark blonde of her youth to chestnut brunette, took at least three hours.

Her hairdresser, Franziska Feifalik, was originally a stage hairdresser at the Wiener Burgtheater. Responsible for all of Elisabeth's ornate hairstyles, she generally accompanied her on her wanderings.

Feifalik was forbidden to wear rings and required to wear white gloves; after hours of dressing, braiding, and pinning up the Empress' tresses, the hairs that fell out had to be presented in a silver bowl to her reproachful empress for inspection.

When her hair was washed with a combination of eggs and cognac once every two weeks, all activities and obligations were cancelled for that day.

Before her son's death, she tasked Feifalik with tweezing gray hairs away, [18] but at the end of her life her hair was described as "abundant, though streaked with silver threads.

Elisabeth used these captive hours during grooming to learn languages; she spoke fluent English and French, and added modern Greek to her Hungarian studies.

Her Greek tutor, Constantin Christomanos, described the ritual:. Hairdressing takes almost two hours, she said, and while my hair is busy, my mind stays idle.

I am afraid that my mind escapes through the hair and onto the fingers of my hairdresser. Hence my headache afterwards. The Empress sat at a table which was moved to the middle of the room and covered with a white cloth.

She was shrouded in a white, laced peignoir , her hair, unfastened and reaching to the floor, enfolded her entire body. Elisabeth used cosmetics and perfume sparingly, as she wished to showcase her natural beauty.

On the other hand, to preserve her beauty, she tested countless beauty products prepared either in the court pharmacy or by a lady-in-waiting in her own apartments.

Her night and bedtime rituals were just as demanding. Elisabeth slept without a pillow on a metal bedstead, which she believed was better for retaining and maintaining her upright posture; either raw veal or crushed strawberries lined her nightly leather facial mask.

After age thirty-two, she decided she did not want the public image of the eternal beauty challenged. Therefore, she did not sit for any more portraits, and would not allow any photographs.

Franz Joseph was passionately in love with his wife, but she did not reciprocate his feelings fully and felt increasingly stifled by the rigidness of court life.

He was an unimaginative and sober man, a political reactionary who was still guided by his mother and her adherence to the strict Spanish Court Ceremonial regarding both his public and domestic life, whereas Elisabeth inhabited a different world altogether.

Restless to the point of hyperactivity , naturally introverted , and emotionally distant from her husband, she fled him as well as her duties of life at court, avoiding them both as much as she could.

He indulged her wanderings, but constantly and unsuccessfully tried to tempt her into a more domestic life with him.

Elisabeth slept very little and spent hours reading and writing at night, and even took up smoking, a shocking habit for women which made her the further subject of already avid gossip.

She had a special interest in history, philosophy, and literature, and developed a profound reverence for the German lyric poet and radical political thinker, Heinrich Heine , whose letters she collected.

She tried to make a name for herself by writing Heine-inspired poetry. Referring to herself as Titania , Shakespeare 's Fairy Queen, Elisabeth expressed her intimate thoughts and desires in a large number of romantic poems, which served as a type of secret diary.

Her wanderlust is defined by her own work:. Elisabeth was an emotionally complex woman, and perhaps due to the melancholy and eccentricity that was considered a given characteristic of her Wittelsbach lineage the best-known member of the family being her favorite cousin, the eccentric Ludwig II of Bavaria , [23] she was interested in the treatment of the mentally ill.

In , when the Emperor asked her what she would like as a gift for her Saint's Day , she listed a young tiger and a medallion, but: " On 21 August , Elisabeth finally gave birth to an heir, Rudolf — The gun salute announcing the welcome news to Vienna also signaled an increase in her influence at court.

This, combined with her sympathy toward Hungary, made Elisabeth an ideal mediator between the Magyars and the emperor.

Her interest in politics had developed as she matured; she was liberal-minded, and placed herself decisively on the Hungarian side in the increasing conflict of nationalities within the empire.

He set forth his views clearly and plainly. I quite understood them and arrived at the conclusion that if you would trust him — and trust him entirely — we might still be saved, not only Hungary, but the monarchy, too I can assure you that you are not dealing with a man desirous of playing a part at any price or striving for a position; on the contrary, he is risking his present position, which is a fine one.

But approaching shipwreck, he, too, is prepared to do all in his power to save it; what he possesses — his understanding and influence in the country — he will lay at your feet.

For the last time I beg you in Rudolf's name not to lose this, at the last moment If you say 'No,' if at the last moment you are no longer willing to listen to disinterested counsels.

Your misfortunes are not on my conscience. When Elisabeth was still blocked from controlling her son's upbringing and education, she openly rebelled.

Due to her nervous attacks, fasting cures, severe exercise regime, and frequent fits of coughing, the state of her health had become so alarming that in October she was reported to suffer not only from "green-sickness" anemia , but also from physical exhaustion.

Skoda , a lung specialist, who advised a stay on Madeira. Elisabeth seized on the excuse and left her husband and children, to spend the winter in seclusion.

Six months later, a mere four days after her return to Vienna, she again experienced coughing fits and fever.

She ate hardly anything and slept badly, and Dr. Skoda observed a recurrence of her lung disease. A fresh rest cure was advised, this time on Corfu , where she improved almost immediately.

If her illnesses were psychosomatic, abating when she was removed from her husband and her duties, her eating habits were causing physical problems as well.

In she had not seen Vienna for a year when her family physician, Dr. Fischer of Munich, examined her and observed serious anemia and signs of "dropsy" edema.

Born Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, she became royalty after wedding and bedding Emperor Franz Joseph in , at the age of 16, and immediately made her mark as the trendsetter of her time.

Naturally, the care of these strands was no simple wash-and-dry affair. It was, in fact, a high-maintenance ritual that consumed at least several hours a day.

Portrait of Elisabeth depicting her long hair by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, Fanny quickly became invaluable and cunningly used her position to her advantage.

She knows that and waits for capitulation. I am a slave to my hair. Equestrian portrait of Elisabeth at Possenhofen Castle, To be fair, Fanny earned every single coin.

To wit: After each session, Fanny was to bring forth a silver bowl holding hair that had come out during the combing or styling. This could have been a dicey affair, but Fanny was shrewd.

To prevent a potential tongue-lashing from her mistress, she employed a bit of trickery, hiding stray strands on a piece of adhesive tape, which she kept concealed underneath her apron.

Photograph of the empress Elisabeth

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Empress Sissi Of Austria Video

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